Ecological Research at University of Wisconsin-Madison


Haddad, N. M., L. A. Brudvig, E. I. Damschen, D. M. Evans, B. L. Johnson, D. J. Levey, J. L. Orrock, J. Resasco, L. L. Sullivan, J. J. Tewksbury, S. A. Wagner, and A. J. Weldon. In press. A review of the potential negative ecological effects of landscape corridors.
Conservation Biology

Borer, E., T., E. S. Seabloom, D. Gruner, W. S. Harpole, H. Hillebrand, E. Lind, P. Adler, … J. L. Orrock, …, J.Wright, L. Yang [55 authors total].  In press. Herbivores and nutrients control grassland plant diversity via light limitation.

MacDougall, A. S., J. R. Bennett, J. L. Firn, Seabloom, E. S., E. T. Borer, E. M. Lind, J. L. Orrock, ....J. W. Morgan, and C. S. Stevens [22 authors total]. In press. Regional-scale factors most consistently explain plot-level diversity in invaded areas.
Global Ecology and Biogeography.

Damschen, E. I., D. V. Baker P, G. Bohrer, R. Nathan, J. L. Orrock, J. R. Turner, L. A. Brudvig, N. M. Haddad, D. J. Levey, and J. J. Tewksbury.  2014. Models and experiments reveal wind-driven seed dispersal is affected by fragmentation and corridors. 
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 111:3484-3489. [Reprint]

Brudvig, L. A., J. L. Orrock, E. I. Damschen, C. Collins, P. G. Hahn, W. B. Mattingly, J. W. Veldman, and J. L. Walker. 2014. Land-use history and contemporary management inform an ecological reference model for longleaf pine woodland understory plant communities.
PLOS ONE 9:e86604. [Reprint]

Borer, E. T., W. S. Harpole, P. B. Adler, E. M. Lind, J. L. Orrock, E. W. Seabloom, and M. D. Smith.  2014. Finding generality in ecology: a model for globally-distributed experiments.
Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5:65-73. [Reprint].

Hahn, P. G. and J. L. Orrock. 2014. Effects of temperature on seed viability of six Ozark glade herb species and eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana).
American Midland Naturalist 171:147-152. [Reprint]


Orrock, J. L. 2013. Exposure of unwounded plants to chemical cues associated with herbivores leads to exposure-dependent changes in subsequent herbivore attack.
PLOS ONE 8:e79900. [Reprint]

Seabloom, E. S., E. T. Borer, Y. Buckley, E. Cleland, K. Davies, J. Firn, W. S. Harpole Y. Hautier, E. Lind, A. MacDougall, J. L. Orrock, S. M. Prober, P. Adler, T. M. Anderson..., J.Wright, and L. Yang [60 authors total]. 2013. Dominance by invasive species is the real embarrassment of riches: invasion in grassland ecosystems.
Global Change Biology 19:3677-3687. [Reprint]

Brudvig, L. A., E. Grman, C. Habeck, J. L. Orrock, and J. Ledvina.  2013. Strong legacy of agricultural land use on soils and understory plant communities in longleaf pine woodlands.
Forest Ecology and Management 310:944-955. [Reprint]

Mattingly, W. B. and J. L. Orrock.  2013. Historic land use influences contemporary establishment of invasive plant species. 
Oecologia 172:1147-1157 [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L., E. L. Preisser, J. H. Grabowski, and G. C. Trussell. 2013. The cost of safety for prey: refuges increase the impact of predation risk in aquatic systems. 
Ecology 94:573-579. [Reprint]

Coyle, D. R., M. M. Murphy, S. M. Paskewitz, J. L. Orrock, X. Lee, R. J. Murphy, M. A. McGeehin, and K. F. Raffa.  2013.  Belowground herbivory in red pine stands initiates a cascade that increases abundance of Lyme disease vectors.
Forest Ecology and Management 302:354-362. [Reprint]

Mattos, K. J., J. L. Orrock, and J. I. Watling. 2013. Rodent granivores generate context-specific seed removal in invaded and uninvaded habitats.
American Midland Naturalist 169:168-178. [Reprint]

O'Halloran, L. R., E. T. Borer, E. W. Seabloom, A. S. MacDougall, E. E. Cleland, R. L. McCulley, S. Hobbie, W. S. Harpole, N. M. DeCrappeo, C. Chu, J. D. Bakker, K. F. Davies, G. Du, J. Firn, N. Hagenah, K. S. Hofmockel, J. M. H. Knops, W. Li, B. A. Melbourne, J. W. Morgan, J. L. Orrock, S. M. Prober, and C. J. Stevens. 2013. Regional contingencies in the relationship between aboveground biomass and litter in the world's grasslands.
PLoS ONE 8:e54988. [Reprint]


Mattingly, W.B., J. L. Orrock, and N. T. Reif. 2012. Dendroecological analysis reveals long-term, positive effects of an introduced understory plant on canopy tree growth.
Biological Invasions 14:2639-2646. [Reprint]

Fletcher, R. J. Jr., J. L. Orrock, and B. A. Robertson. 2012.  How the type of anthropogenic change alters the consequences of ecological traps. 
Proceedings of the Royal Society B 279:2456-2552. [Reprint]

Preisser, E. L. and J. L. Orrock. 2012. The allometry of fear: Interspecific relationships between body size and response to predation risk.  
Ecosphere 3:77. [Reprint]

Schuler, M. S. and J. L. Orrock. 2012. The maladaptive significance of maternal effects for plants in anthropogenically modified environments.
Evolutionary Ecology 26:475-481. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L., C. C. Christopher, and H. P. Dutra.  2012. Seed bank survival of an invasive species, but not two native species, declines with invasion. 
Oecologia 168:1103-1110. [Reprint]

Grace, J. B., P. B. Adler, E. W. Seabloom, E. T. Borer, H. H. Hillebrand, Y. Hautier, A. Hector, W. S. Harpole, L. R. O'Halloran, ...J. L. Orrock... ,L. H. Yang [37 authors total].  2012. Response to Comments on " Productivity is a poor predictor of plant species richness": towards a multivariate representation of the multiple mechanisms controlling productivity and diversity. 
Science 335: 1441. [Reprint]


Adler, P. B., E. W. Seabloom, E. T. Borer, H. H. Hillebrand, Y. Hautier, A. Hector, W. S. Harpole, L. R. O'Halloran, J. B. Grace, ...J. L. Orrock... ,L. H. Yang [58 authors total].  2011. Productivity is a poor predictor of plant species richness. 
Science 333:1750-1753. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L., G. R. Curler, B. J. Danielson, and D. R. Coyle.  2011. Large-scale experimental landscapes reveal distinctive effects of patch shape and connectivity on arthropod communities. 
Landscape Ecology 26:1361-1372. [Reprint]

Craig, M. T., J. L. Orrock, and L. A. Brudvig. 2011. Edge-mediated patterns of seed removal in experimentally connected and fragmented landscapes. 
Landscape Ecology 26:1373-1381. [Reprint]

Hinkelman, T. M., J. L. Orrock, and S. C. Loeb. 2011. Effect of downed woody debris on small mammal anti-predator behavior.
Ethology 118:17-23. [e-mail me for a reprint]

Watling, J. I., C. R. Hickman, and J. L. Orrock. 2011. Invasive shrub alters native forest amphibian communities.
Biological Conservation 144: 2597-2601. [Reprint]

Mulder, C. P. H., H. Jones, K. Kameda, C. Palmborg, S. Schmidt, J. Ellis, J. L. Orrock, A. Wait, D. A. Wardle, L. Yang, H. Young G, D. Croll, and E. Vidal. 2011. Impacts of seabirds on plant and soil properties. 
In: Seabird islands: Ecology, Invasions, and Restoration. C. P. H. Mulder, W. B. Anderson, D. R. Towns, and P. J. Bellingham, editors.  Oxford University Press.

Haddad, N. M., B. Hudgens, E. I. Damschen, D. Levey, J. L. Orrock, J. Tewksbury, and A. Weldon. 2011. Assessing both positive and negative effects of corridors. Pages 475-503 in: Sources, Sinks, and Sustainability. J. Liu, V. Hull, A. T. Morzillo, and J. A. Wiens, editors. Cambridge University Press.

Orrock, J. L., B. F. Allan, and C. A. Drost. 2011. Biogeographic and ecological regulation of disease: island area, precipitation, and predator richness are related to prevelance of Sin Nombre virus in island mice.
American Naturalist 177:691-697. [Reprint]

Dutra, H. P., K. Barnett, J. R. Reinhardt, R. J. Marquis, and J. L. Orrock. 2011. Invasive plant species alters consumer behavior by providing refuge from predation.
Oecologia 166:649-657. [Reprint]

Conley, A. K., Watling, J. I., and J. L. Orrock. 2011. Invasive plant alters ability to predict disease vector distribution.
Ecological Applications 21:329-334. [Reprint]

Watling, J. I., C. R. Hickman, and J. L. Orrock. 2011. Predators and invasive plants affect performance of amphibian larvae.
Oikos 120: 735-739. [Reprint]

Watling, J. I., A. J. Nowakowski, M. A. Donnelly, and J. L. Orrock. 2011. Meta-analysis reveals the importance of matrix composition for animals in fragmented habitat.
Global Ecology and Biogeography 20:209-217. [Reprint]

Watling, J. I., C. R. Hickman, E. Lee, K. Wang, and J. L. Orrock. 2011. Extracts of the invasive shrub Lonicera maackii increase mortality and alter behavior of amphibian larvae.
Oecologia 165:153-159. [Reprint]


Allan, B. F., H. P. Dutra, L. S. Goessling, K. Barnett, J. M. Chase, R. J. Marquis, G. Pang, G. A. Storch, R. E. Thach, and J. L. Orrock. 2010. Invasive honeysuckle eradication reduces tick-borne disease risk by altering host dynamics.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 107:18523-18527. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L., M. L. Baskett, and R. D. Holt. 2010. Spatial interplay of plant competition and consumer foraging mediate plant coexistence and drive the invasion ratchet.
Proceedings of the Royal Society B 277: 3307-3315. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L. and J. I. Watling. 2010. Local community size mediates ecological drift and competition in metacommunities.
Proceedings of the Royal Society B 277: 2185-2191. [Reprint]

Mattos, K. J., and J. L. Orrock. 2010. Behavioral consequences of plant invasion: an invasive plant alters rodent anti-predator behavior.
Behavioral Ecology 21:556-561. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L., L. Dill, A. Sih, J. Grabowski, S. Peacor, B. Peckarsky, E. Preisser, and E. Werner. 2010. Predator effects in predator-free space: the remote effects of predators on prey.
The Open Ecology Journal 3:22-30 [Reprint]

Sih, A., D. I. Bolnick, B. Luttbeg, J. L. Orrock, S. D. Peacor, L. M. Pintor, E. Preisser, J. S. Rehage, and J. R. Vonesh. 2010. Predator-prey naivete, antipredator behavior, and the ecology of predator invasions.
Oikos 119:610-621. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L. 2010. When the ghost of predation has passed: do rodents from islands with and without fox predators exhibit aversion to fox cues?
Ethology 116:338-345. [e-mail me for a reprint]

Orrock, J. L. and C. C. Christopher. 2010. Density of intraspecific competitors determines the occurrence and benefits of accelerated germination.
American Journal of Botany 97:694-699. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L., R.D. Holt, and M. L. Baskett. 2010. Refuge-mediated apparent competition in plant-consumer interactions.
Ecology Letters 13:11-20. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L. and M. S. Witter. 2010. Multiple drivers of apparent competition reduce re-establishment of a native plant in invaded habitats.
Oikos 119:101-108. [Reprint]

Watling, J. I. and J. L. Orrock. 2010. Measuring edge contrast using biotic criteria helps define edge effects on the density of an invasive plant.
Landscape Ecology 25:69-78. [Reprint]

Motheral, S. M., and J. L. Orrock.  2010. Gastropod herbivore preference for seedlings of two native and two exotic grass species.
American Midland Naturalist 163:106-114. [Reprint]

Heldermon, C. D., K. K. Ohlemiller, E. D. Herzog, C. Vogler, E. Y. Qin, D. F. Wozniak, Y. Tan, J. L. Orrock, and M. S. Sands. 2010. Therapeutic efficacy of bone marrow transplant, intracranial AAV-mediated gene therapy or both in the mouse model of MPS IIIB. 
Molecular Therapy 18:873-880. [Reprint]


Orrock, J. L. and B. J. Danielson.  2009. Temperature and cloud cover, but not predator urine, affect winter foraging of mice. 
Ethology 115:641-648. [e-mail me for a reprint]

Orrock, J. L. and J. L. Hoisington-López.  2009. Mortality of exotic and native seeds in invaded and uninvaded habitats.
Acta Oecologica 35: 758-262. [e-mail me for a reprint]

Seabloom, E. W., E. T. Borer, B. A. Martin, and J. L. Orrock.  2009. Effects of long-term consumer manipulations on invasion in oak savannah communities.
Ecology 90: 1356-1365. [Reprint]

Vellend, M. and J. L. Orrock.  2009. Ecological and genetic models of diversity: Lessons across disciplines. Pages 439-461 in: The Theory of Island Biogeography Revisited. J. Losos and R. E. Ricklefs, editors. Princeton University Press. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L., M. S. Witter, and O. J. Reichman.  2009.  Native consumers and seed limitation constrain the restoration of a native perennial grass in exotic habitats.
Restoration Ecology 17: 148-157. [Reprint]


Damschen, E. I., L. A. Brudvig*, N. M. Haddad, D. J. Levey, J. L. Orrock, and J. J. Tewksbury.  2008.  The movement ecology and dynamics of plant communities in fragmented landscapes.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 105: 19078-19083. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L., J. H. Grabowski, S. D. Peacor, B. L. Peckarsky, E. L. Preisser, A. Sih, and E. E. Werner.  2008.  Consumptive and non-consumptive effects of predators on metacommunities of competing prey.
Ecology 89: 2426-2435. [Reprint]

Peckarsky, B. L., D. I. Bolnick, L. M. Dill, J. H. Grabowski, B. Luttbeg, J. L. Orrock, S. D. Peacor, E. L. Preisser, O. J. Schmitz, and G. C. Trussell.  2008. Revisiting the classics: Considering non-consumptive effects in textbook examples of predator-prey interactions.
Ecology 89: 2416-2425. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L., M. S. Witter, and O. J. Reichman.  2008.  Apparent competition with an exotic plant reduces native plant establishment. 
Ecology 89: 1168-1174. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L. and B. A. Allan.  2008. Sin Nombre virus infection in deer mice, Channel Islands, California. 
Emerging Infectious Diseases 14: 1965-1966. [Reprint]


Preisser, E. L., J. L. Orrock, and O. J. Schmitz.  2007.  Predator hunting mode and habitat domain affect the strength of non-consumptive effects in predator-prey interactions.
Ecology 88: 2744-2751. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L. and E. I. Damschen.  2007.  The effect of burial depth on removal of seeds of Phytolacca americana.
Southeastern Naturalist 6: 151-158. [Reprint]


Orrock, J. L. 2006.  Useful distraction: Ritualized behavior as an opportunity for recalibration.
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29: 625-626. [Reprint and original paper by Boyer and Lienard]

Orrock, J. L., D. J. Levey, B. J. Danielson, and E. I. Damschen.  2006.  Seed predation, not seed dispersal, explains the landscape-level abundance of an early-successional plant.
Journal of Ecology 94: 838-845. [Reprint]

Damschen, E. I., N. M. Haddad, J. L. Orrock, D. J. Levey, and J. J. Tewksbury.  2006.  Corridors increase plant species richness at large scales. 
Science 313: 1284-1286. [Reprint]


Orrock, J. L. and R. J. Fletcher, Jr. 2005. Changes in community size affect the outcome of competition. 
American Naturalist 166: 107-111. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L.  2005. Conservation corridors affect the fixation of novel alleles.
Conservation Genetics 6: 623-630. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L. and E. I. Damschen.  2005. Corridors cause differential seed predation.
Ecological Applications 15: 793-798. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L. and B. J. Danielson. 2005. Patch shape, connectivity, and foraging by the oldfield mouse, Peromyscus polionotus
Journal of Mammalogy 86: 569-575. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L.  2005. The effect of gut passage by two species of avian frugivores on seeds of Pokeweed, Phytolacca americana
Canadian Journal of Botany 83: 427-431. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L. and E. I. Damschen.  2005. Fungi-mediated mortality of seeds of two oldfield plant species. 
Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 132: 613-617. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L. and B. J. Danielson.  2005. A note on the status of the endangered red-backed vole, Clethrionomys gapperi, in Iowa. 
Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science 112: 24-25. [Reprint]

Brinkerhoff, R. J., N. M. Haddad, and J. L. Orrock.  2005. Corridors and olfactory predator cues affect small mammal behavior. 
Journal of Mammalogy 86: 662-669. [Reprint]

2004 and earlier

Orrock, J. L. and B. J. Danielson.  2004. Rodents balancing a variety of risks: invasive fire ants and indirect and direct indicators of predation risk.  
Oecologia 140: 662-667. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L., B. J. Danielson, and J. Brinkerhoff.  2004. Rodent foraging is affected by indirect, but not by direct, cues of predation risk. 
Behavioral Ecology 15: 433-437. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L., B. J. Danielson, M. J. Burns, and D. J. Levey. 2003. Spatial ecology of predator-prey interactions:  corridors and patch shape influence seed predation.
Ecology 84: 2589-2599. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L., D. Farley, and J. F. Pagels.  2003. Does fungus consumption by the woodland jumping mouse vary with habitat or the abundance of other small mammals?  Canadian Journal of Zoology 81: 753-756. [Reprint]

McShea, W. J., J. F. Pagels, J. L. Orrock, E. Harper, and K. Koy.  2003. Mesic deciduous forest as patches of small mammal richness within an Appalachian mountain forest.  Journal of Mammalogy 84: 627-643. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L. and J. F. Pagels.  2003. Tree communities, microhabitat characteristics, and small mammals associated with the endangered rock vole, Microtus chrotorrhinus, in Virginia. 
Southeastern Naturalist 2: 547-558. [Reprint]

Tewksbury, J. J., D. J. Levey, N. M. Haddad, S. Sargent, J. L. Orrock, A. Weldon, B. J. Danielson, J. Brinkerhoff, E. I. Damschen, and P. Townsend.  2002.  Corridors affect plants, animals, and their interactions in fragmented landscapes. 
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 99: 12923-12926. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L. and J.F. Pagels.  2002. Fungus consumption by the southern red-backed vole, Clethrionomys gapperi, in the southern Appalachians. 
American Midland Naturalist 147: 413-418. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L., J.F. Pagels, W.J. McShea, and E.K. Harper.  2000. Predicting presence and abundance of a small mammal species: the effect of scale and resolution. 
Ecological Applications 10: 1356-1366. [Reprint]

Orrock, J. L., E.K. Harper, J.F. Pagels, and W.J. McShea.  1999.  Additional records of the rock vole, Microtus chrotorrhinus (Mammalia: Muridae), in Virginia. 
Banisteria: Journal of the Virginia Natural History Society 14: 36-38. [Reprint]

Website © 2007 John Orrock